Our report first examines LSLAs and some key criticisms made against them. We then focus on the issue of ELCs in Cambodia. This includes a brief overview of Cambodia’s history, the rise of ELCs, and the laws and policies currently in place to regulate land issues in Cambodia. Second, we present findings from our fieldwork that highlight the severe and widespread impacts that the ELCs are having on indigenous communities. These impacts include, but are not limited to, harm to community livelihoods, environmental degradation, erosion of indigenous culture, and a failure of the many perceived economic benefits of ELCs to reach these affected indigenous communities. Third, we discuss the limitations of the current legal system and existing land titling mechanisms which are inadequate in protecting the indigenous communities of Preah Vihear. In addition, we examine the companies’ breaches of their legal obligations and their failures to fulfil the necessary requirements for the granting of ELCs. Future strategies to reform land issues in Cambodia are then discussed, where we call for the abolishment of the current ELC system and a move towards investment in land which prioritises Cambodia’s indigenous and rural populations. Lastly, we provide recommendations to non-government organisations (NGOs) in Preah Vihear Province and throughout Cambodia, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), the Ministry of Land Management, Urban Planning and Construction (MLMUPC), companies that have been granted ELCs in Cambodia, and the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC).